Not an exhaustive list by any means, but here are a few excellent resources to help you and your students learn more about marine debris!

5IMDC (2011) “Summary Proceedings: 5th International Marine Debris Conference.” Available from Accessed 12/15/2014.

Andrady, A. L. (2015). Persistence of plastic litter in the oceans. In Marine anthropogenic litter (pp. 57-72). Springer International Publishing.

Barnes, D. K. A., Galgani, F., Thompson, R. C., and Barlaz, M. (2009) “Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 364, pp. 1985-1998.

Bjorndal, Karen A., Alan B. Bolton and Cynthia J. Lagueux. (1994). “Ingestion of Marine Debris by Juvenile Sea Turtles in Coastal Florida Habitats.” Marine Pollution Bulletin 28, 154-158.

Browne, M. A. (2015). Sources and pathways of microplastics to habitats. In Marine anthropogenic litter (pp. 229-244). Springer International Publishing.

Chen, C. L. (2015). Regulation and management of marine litter. In Marine anthropogenic litter (pp. 395-428). Springer International Publishing.

Conservancy, Ocean (2015). Stemming the Tide: Land-based strategies for a plastic-free ocean. Ocean Conservancy and McKinsey Center for Business and Environment,  48pp.

Derraik, J. G. B. (2002) “The pollution of the marine environment by plastic debris: a review.” Marine Pollution Bulletin, 44, pp. 842–852.

Engler, R. E. (2012) “The Complex Interaction between Marine Debris and Toxic Chemicals in the Ocean.” Environmental Science and Technology, 46, pp. 12302-12315.

Galgani, F., Hanke, G., & Maes, T. (2015) Global distribution, composition, an abundance of marine litter. In Marine anthropogenic litter (pp. 29-56). Springer International Publishing.

Galloway, T. (2015). Micro- and nano-plastics and human health. Marine anthropogenic litter, p. 343-366.

Gregory, M. R. (2009) “Environmental implications of plastic debris in marine settings—entanglement, ingestion, smothering, hangers-on, hitch-hiking and alien invasions.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 364, pp. 2013-2025.

Hidalgo-Ruz, V., & Thiel, M. (2015). The contribution of citizen scientists to the monitoring of marine litter. In Marine anthropogenic litter (pp. 429-447). Springer International Publishing.

Ioakeimidis, C., Fotopoulou, K. N., Karapanagioti, H. K., Geraga, M., Zeri, C., Papathanassiou, E., … & Papatheodorou, G. (2016). The degradation potential of PET bottles in the marine environment: An ATR-FTIR based approach. Scientific Reports, 6.

Kiessling, T., Gutow, L., & Thiel, M. (2015). Marine litter as habitat and dispersal vector. In Marine anthropogenic litter (pp. 141-181). Springer International Publishing.

Kershaw, P. J. (2015). Sources, Fate and Effects of Microplastics in the Marine Environment: A Global Assessment. Rep. Stud. GESAMP, 90, 96.

Koelmans, A. A. (2015). Modeling the Role of Microplastics in Bioaccumulation of Organic Chemicals to   Marine Aquatic Organisms. A Critical Review. In Marine Anthropogenic Litter (pp. 309-324). Springer International Publishing.

Kühn, S., Rebolledo, E. L. B., & van Franeker, J. A. (2015). Deleterious effects of litter on marine life. In Marine anthropogenic litter (pp. 75-116). Springer International Publishing.

Laist, D. W. (1997) “Impacts of Marine Debris: Entanglement of Marine Life in Marine Debris Including a Comprehensive List of Species with Entanglement and Ingestion Records,” in Coe, J.M. and Rogers, D.B. (Eds.) Marine Debris, Springer: New York, pp. 99-139.

Leggett, C., Scherer, N., Curry, M., Bailey, R., & Haab, T. (2014). Assessing the economic benefits of reductions in marine debris: a pilot study of beach recreation in Orange County, California. NOAA Mar Debris Progr Ind Econ Inc45.

Mascarenhas, R., Santos, R., & Zeppelini, D. (2004). Plastic debris ingestion by sea turtle in Paraı́ba, Brazil. Marine pollution bulletin, 49(4), 354-355.

Newman, S., Watkins, E., Farmer, A., ten Brink, P., & Schweitzer, J. P. (2015). The economics of marine litter. In Marine anthropogenic litter (pp. 367-394). Springer International Publishing.

NOAA (2014a). Fact Sheet: NOAA Marine Debris Progam. Available from Accessed 12/15/2014.

NOAA (2014b) NOAA Marine Debris Program: Marine Debris Monitoring and Assessment Project. Marine Debris Survey Photo Manual. Available from Accessed 12/30/2014.

NOAA (2014c). Talking Trash and Taking Action: Ocean Conservancy and NOAA Marine Debris. Available from Accessed 1/1/2015.

NOAA (2011). The Honolulu Strategy: A Global Framework for the Prevention and Management of Marine Debris. Available from Accessed 12/26/2014.

Opfer, S., Arthur, C., and Lippiatt, S. (2012) “NOAA Marine Debris Shoreline Survey Field Guide.” Published by the US Department of Commerce. Available from Accessed 12/30/2014.

Otley, H., & Ingham, R. (2003). Marine debris surveys at Volunteer Beach, Falkland Islands, during the summer of 2001/02. Marine Pollution Bulletin,46(12), 1534-1539.

Product Stewardship Institute (2015). Marine Debris & Plastic Source-Reduction Toolkit for Colleges & Universities. Available on the web from Accessed 5/20/2016.

Rochman, C. M. (2015). The complex mixture, fate and toxicity of chemicals associated with plastic debris in the marine environment. In Marine anthropogenic litter (pp. 117-140). Springer International Publishing.

Sazima, I., Gadig, O. B., Namora, R. C., & Motta, F. S. (2002). Plastic debris collars on juvenile carcharhinid sharks (Rhizoprionodon lalandii) in southwest Atlantic. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 44(10), 1149-1151.

Scheer, R. and Moss, D. (2013, June). The “All One Ocean” Campaign. Scientific American. Retrieved April, 16, from

Sheavly, S.B., and Register, K.M. (2007). “Marine Debris & Plastics: Environmental Concerns, Sources, Impacts and Solutions.” Journal of Polymers in the Environment, 15, pp. 301-305.

Stefatos, A., Charalampakis, M., Papatheodorou, G., & Ferentinos, G. (1999). Marine debris on the seafloor of the Mediterranean Sea: examples from two enclosed gulfs in Western Greece. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 38(5), 389-393.

Sussarellu, R., Suquet, M., Thomas, Y., Lambert, C., Fabioux, C., Pernet, M. E. J., … & Corporeau, C. (2016). Oyster reproduction is affected by exposure to polystyrene microplastics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences113(9), 2430- 2435.

Thompson, R. C. (2015). Microplastics in the marine environment: Sources, consequences and solutions. In Marine anthropogenic litter (pp. 185-200). Springer International Publishing.

Thompson, R. C., Moore, C. J., Vom Saal, F. S., & Swan, S. H. (2009). Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences364(1526), 2153-2166.

U.S. EPA (2011) Marine debris in the north pacific: a summary of existing information and identification of data gaps 3. Available on the web at Last accessed 20 June 2016.

U.S.FWS (2012) The Cost of Invasive Species Fact Sheet. Available on the web at Last accessed 20 June 2016.

Vannela, R. (2012). Are we “digging our own grave” under the oceans? Biosphere-Level Effects and Global Policy Challenge from Plastic (s) in Oceans. Environmental  science & technology46(15), 7932-7933.

Wallace, B. (1989, April). How much do commercial and recreational fishermen know about marine debris and entanglement? Part 1. In Proceedings of the Second  International Conference on Marine Debris (pp. 2-7).

Wilcox, C., Mallos, N. J., Leonard, G. H., Rodriguez, A., & Hardesty, B. D. (2016). Using expert elicitation to estimate the impacts of plastic pollution on marine wildlife. Marine Policy, 65, 107-114.

Williams, R., Ashe, E., & O’Hara, P. D. (2011). Marine mammals and debris in coastal waters of British Columbia, Canada. Marine Pollution Bulletin,62(6), 1303-1316.